Feb 272020

Australia has different climate zones and the climate over there is generally governed by its huge geographical size and hot sinking air of subtropical areas or belt. The high pressure belt of these regions travel from north to south with seasons. Let us go deep into Australia’s different climate zones and average temperatures that varies greatly throughout 8 states and 10 territories. 

The largest part of Australia is arid which is classified into semi-arid and dessert type atmospheres. We see moderate fertile soil and temperate climates only in south-east and south-west parts of Australia. Most part of Australia is pretty warm and especially in northern part, it is even warmer with tropical influenced climate. The climate in northern region is usually hot and humid during summers, and pretty dry and warn during winters where as it is cooler in southern areas with mild summers and cool or rainy winters. In Central Australia, we find extreme temperatures sometimes it may reach up to 50 degrees and cannot see rains for years.

Coming to hemispheres, the seasons are opposite and reverse, which means when it is summer in Northern Hemisphere, it is winter in Southern Hemisphere. The very warm and hottest months in Australia are December and January whereas coldest months are July and August.  As a whole, Australia experience very less rainfall and subject to sudden rise in temperatures even in non-dessert areas because of dry and hot winds coming from dessert areas. These hot and dry winds may also sometimes accompanied by sand as well making the climate more badly than normal.

Climate Zones in Australia

Australia has surprising range of climatic zones from tropical to oceanic regions. Discover eight different climate zones of Australia with its average temperature conditions.

  • Climate zone 1 – High humidity summer, warm winter
  • Climate zone 2 – Warm humid summer, mild winter
  • Climate zone 3 – Hot dry summer, warm winter
  • Climate zone 4 – Hot dry summer, cool winter
  • Climate zone 5 – Warm temperate
  • Climate zone 6 – Mild temperate
  • Climate zone 7 – Cool temperate
  • Climate zone 8 – Alpine

Australia uses Celsius scale as its standard temperature unit. I have provided the below conversions as a handy guide where all the measurements are rounded using Australian Standard Measurements.

Here is the guide to covert Fahrenheit to Celsius and from Celsius to Fahrenheit.

Celsius to Fahrenheit

To convert Celsius to Fahrenheit, all you need to do is to multiply degrees that are in Celsius by 9, later divide by 5, and finally add 32. Let us understand better with an example:

Consider to convert 400 C, firstly multiply by 9 i.e. 400*9 = 3600, divide by 5 i.e. 3600 divided by 5 results in 720, finally add 32 to the result i.e. 720+32 = 752. We can round it off to 750 F.

Fahrenheit to Celsius

Convert Fahrenheit degrees to Celsius degrees as follows: Firstly, subtract 32 from Fahrenheit degrees, then multiply by 5, and finally divide by 9. Seems like exactly opposite or reverse method to convert degrees from Celsius to Fahrenheit right!? Yes. Let us see one example.

Consider 200 F; Subtract 32 from 200F i.e. 200-32 = 168, then multiply by 5 i.e. 168*5 = 840, finally divide the result by 9 i.e. 840 is divided by 9, we get 93.3 C. to make it simple, round it off to 95 C.

Oven Temperatures

‘Hot’, ‘Cool’, ‘Slow’, ‘Fast’ are the common terms we use while using ovens. It is very tricky to set the oven temperatures while cooking since too much hot or too much cold may spoil your recipe in terms of taste, appearance, texture, etc. Use our quick and easy temperature conversions chart to oven temperatures.

Note: All the conversions are not exact and has slight difference which does not show any impact on the recipe.

 Celsius Electric/Fan-Forced    Fahrenheit  Gas Mark
Very Cool / Very Slow 135/100 275³ F 1
Cool / Slow / Low 150/120 300° F 2
Warm 165/150 325° F 3
Moderate / Medium 175/165 350° F 4
Moderate 190/170 375° F 5
Moderately Hot 205/180 400° F 6
Hot 220/200 425° F 7
Very Hot 230/220 450° F 8
Too Hot 245/240 475° F 9
Broiling 260/250 500° F 10

In addition to the above conversions, we also have access to another simple and easy guide to refer corresponding temperatures. That is nothing but using ‘Numbers’. Follow the below guide to better understand of what I am trying to say.

Celsius Electric

01 125

02 150/155

03 160

04 185

05 190

06 210

07 240

08 260

Celsius Fan Forced

01 125

02 140

03 150

04 170

05 180

06 200

07 230

08 250


01 Very Slow

02 Slow

03 Moderately Slow

04 Moderate

05 Moderately Hot

06 Hot

07 Very Hot

08 Extreme Hot


01 260

02 330

03 350

04 375

05 390

06 420

07 450

08 500

Air Temperature

Air temperature is the most commonly measured weather parameter which measures different levels of temperature on Earth’s surface. In simple words, it measures how hot or cold is air is!

The highest maximum temperature recorded in Australia as 50.7 degree C or 123 F. The air temperature is generally caused by three factors working together i.e. air, water, and land. These three factors work together to make the climatic condition cool or hot at different rates. In addition to these three important factors, researchers also consider season, time of the day, and even the year as some other important factors that affect temperature degrees. More specifically, air temperature defines the energy in motion (kinetic energy) which means it measures the temperature of gases that make up air. As the motion of gas molecules is high, then the air temperature rises simultaneously.

Degree Centigrade Degree Fahrenheit
0 32
1 34
2 36
3 38
4 40
5 41
8 47
10 51
12 54
15 60
18 65
22 71
25 78
28 83
31 88
35 95
38 100
40 105
43 110
46 115

Boiling point and Freezing point of water in Fahrenheit are 212 degree and 32 Degree.

Boiling and Freezing Point of Water in Celsius are 100 degree and 0 degree.

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