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Australian Nobel Prize Winners

Nobel Prize MedalsThe Nobel Prize is considered the most prestigious prize in the world and receives worldwide coverage by the print media, radio and television.

So far, the youngest Nobel Laureate since the awards started, was Australian Lawrence Bragg. He was only 25 when he and his father jointly receive it for Physics in 1915.

In 2012 the amount awarded was 8 million Swedish Krona (over 1.3 million in Australian dollars) per full Prize. The amount varies because it comes from the interest earned from the fund created from the estate of Alfred Nobel.

Nobel Prize in Physics 2011

The prize was awarded jointly to Brian P. Schmidt, Saul Perlmutter and Adam G. Riess for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae.
    Brian P. Schmidt (24 February 1967 - )
    Born in Missoula, Montana USA,
        moved to Australia with his Australian wife 1994

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009

The prize was awarded jointly to Elizabeth Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"
    Elizabeth Helen Blackburn (26 November 1948 - )
    Born in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2005

The prize was awarded jointly to J. Robin Warren and Barry J. Marshall "for the discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease."
    John Robin Warren (11 June 1937 - )
    Born in North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2005

The prize was awarded jointly to Barry J. Marshall and J. Robin Warren "for the discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease."
    Barry Marshall (30 September 1951 - )
    Born in Kalgoorlie, Western Australia, Australia

Nobel Prize in Literature 2003

The prize was awarded to J. M. Coetzee "who in innumerable guises portrays the surprising involvement of the outsider".
   John Maxwell Coetzee (9 February 1940 - )
   Born in Capetown, South Africa,
   and a naturalized Australian citizen in 2006

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1996

The prize was awarded jointly to Peter C. Doherty and Rolf M. Zinkernagel "for their discoveries concerning the specificity of the cell mediated immune defence"
    Peter C. Doherty (15 October 1940 - )
    Born in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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The Award Ceremony

The awarding ceremony for the Nobel Prize winners takes place each year on the 10th of December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death.

Alfred Nobel was a the Swedish-born inventor and international industrialist.

The festival day of the Nobel Foundation takes place at the Stockholm Concert Hall (Stockholms Konserthus) in Sweden.

His Majesty the King of Sweden, hands each Nobel Laureate a diploma, a medal and a document confirming the Prize amount.

The Banquet

After the Ceremony, Nobel Laureates and their families are honoured at the Nobel Banquet at the Stockholm City Hall (Stockholms Stadshus).

Approximately 1,300 people attend the Banquet. Their Majesties the King and Queen and other members of the Royal Family of Sweden are guests of honour at both the Ceremony and the Nobel Banquet.

Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1975

The prize was awarded jointly to John Cornforth and Vladimir Prelog "for work on the stereochemistry of enzyme-catalyzed reactions"
   John Warcup Cornforth Jr (7 Sep 1917 - 2013)
   Born in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Nobel Prize in Literature 1973

The prize was awarded to Patrick White "for an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a new continent into literature."
   Patrick White (1912 - 1990)
   Born in London, Great Britain to Australian
   parents

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1970

The prize was awarded jointly to Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler and Julius Axelrod "for their discoveries concerning the humoral transmitters in the nerve terminals and the mechanisms for their storage, release and inactivation".
    Bernard Katz (26 March 1911 - 20 April 2003)
    Born in Leipzig, German
    and naturalized Australian citizen in 1941.

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1963

The prize was awarded jointly to Sir John Carew Eccles, Sir Alan Hodgkin and Sir Andrew Fielding Huxley "for their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane"
   John Carew Eccles (1903 - 1997)
   Born in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1960

The prize was awarded jointly to Frank MacFarlane Burnet and Peter Brian Medawar "for their discovery of acquired immunological tolerance".
   Frank MacFarlane Burnet (1899 - 1985)
   Born in Traralgon, Victoria, Australia

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1945

The prize was awarded jointly to Howard Walter Florey, Alexander Fleming, and Ernst Boris Chain"for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases"
   Howard Walter Florey (1898 - 1968)
   Born in Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Nobel Prize in Physics 1915

The prize was awarded jointly to William Lawrence Brag and his father William Henry Bragg "for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays"
   William Lawrence Bragg (1890 - 1971)

   Born in Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
   Note: son was Australian, father was British.

More Information

Official Website of Nobel Foundation
http://www.nobel.se/

 

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