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AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT

Prime Ministers of Australia

See also  Australian Prime Ministers and Their Party     
What the letters after their names mean (postnominals)

Prime Ministers of Australia
Present - 1975      1975 - 1941      1941 - 1914      1914 - 1901

The Prime Minister is the head of the Australian Government. The leader of the coalition or party which has the most seats in the Federal House of Representatives is appointed by the Governor-General to be the Prime Minister.

Listed in this section is information about the Prime Ministers of Australia. You'll find some links at the bottom of this page to other websites with additional  information on this topic.

Strange Way to Number Prime Ministers

Since 1901 Australia has had over 30 terms of Prime Ministers. However, there are only 28 people who have held the office. Although Rudd was the 26th Prime Minister taking office before Julia Gilliard (27th), he is still the 26th Prime Minister after he succeeded her in 2013.

First Australian Prime Minister Sir Edmond Barton

Sir Edmund Barton is Australia’s 1st
Prime Minister. He resigned in 1903
to help found Australia’s High Court.

 

Prime Ministers — present to 1975

29 Malcolm Bligh Turnbull
24 October 1954 -
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office

15 Sept 2015 - present
 
Liberal
60

 
28 Anthony John "Tony" Abbott
4 November 1957 -
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office

18 Sept 2013 - 14 Sept 2015
1 year, 11 months, 14 days
Liberal
55

* Kevin Michael Rudd
21 September 1957 -
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office

27 June 2013 - 18 Sept 2013
0 years, 2 months, 22 days 
Labor
55

5 Y

9 M

14 D
* Julia Eileen Gillard
29 September 1961 -
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office

17 July 2010 - 27 June 2013
2 years, 11 months 10 days
Labor
48

27 Julia Eileen Gillard
29 September 1961 -
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office

24 June 2010 - 17 July 2010
0 years, 23 days
Labor
48

26 Kevin Michael Rudd
21 September 1957 -
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office

3 Dec 2007 - 24 June 2010
2 years, 6 months, 21 days
Labor
50

25 John Winston Howard
26 July 1939 -
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office
11 Mar 1996 - 3 Dec 2007
11 years, 8 months, 23 days
Liberal
56
11 Y

8 M

23 D
24 Paul John Keating
18 Jan 1944 -
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office
20 Dec 1991 - 11 Mar 1996
5 years, 3 months, 22 days
Labor
47
13 Y

0 M

0 D
23 Robert James Lee Hawke
AC 
9 Dec 1929 -
period in office 
term of office
political party
age first in office
11 Mar 1983 - 20 Dec 1991
8 years, 9 months, 10 days
Labor
53
22 John Malcolm Fraser
PC, CH  (later AC)
21 May 1930 - 
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office
11 Nov 1975 - 11 Mar 1983
7 years, 4 months
Liberal
44
7 Y

4 M

0 D

Compulsory Voting
Voting in Australia's federal elections has been compulsory since 1925.

* NOTE about numbering
Alfred Deakin is listed as the 2nd Prime Minister although he actually served as Prime Minister 3 different times. Likewise, Andrew Fisher is listed as the 5th Prime Minister even though he also served 3 different times. As a result, Kevin Rudd is listed as the 26th Prime Minister although there were actually over 30 different terms served since the office was created.

In contrast, under the American system, if Deakin had been the President, he would be listed as the 2nd, 5th and 7th President of the United States. (Yes, we know in the USA a person can only be President twice.)

Terms in Office
The start date is the date a prime minister was sworn in by the governor-general. The end date is the date the governor-general accepted a resignation or the date of death.

Labor or Labour?
The spelling ‘labor’ and ‘labour’ were both used by the Australian Labor Party (ALP) until 1912. From that point on the word Labor is the preferred choice.

NOTES about the Nationalist Party
In 1931 the National Party joined with other groups and formed the United Australia Party.

More Information

  1. Prime Minister of Australia
  2. Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
  3. National Archive Australia's Prime Ministers - an excellent site to learn about our Prime Ministers
  4. Parliament of Australia
  5. Parliamentary websites in other countries
  6. Political parties in Australia and other countries

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