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AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT

Prime Ministers of Australia

Prime Ministers of Australia  ...  Present - 1975      1975 - 1941      1941 - 1914      1914 - 1901       More Information
See also  Australian Prime Ministers and Their Party      What the letters after their names mean (postnominals)

Prime Ministers 1975 to 1941

21 Edward Gough Whitlam
QC 
11 July 1916 - 
period in office
Length of Term
political party
age first in office
5 Dec 1972 - 11 Nov 1975
2 years, 11 months, 7 days
Labor
55
2 Y

11 M

7 D
20 William McMahon
PC, CH  (later Sir William) 
23 Feb 1908 - 31 Mar 1988
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office
10 Mar 1971 - 5 Dec 1972
1 year, 8 months, 25 days
Liberal
62
4 Y

10 M

26 D
19 John Grey Gorton
PC  (later Sir John, PC, AC) 
9 Sept 1911 - 19 May 2002
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office
10 Jan 1968 - 10 Mar 1971
3 years, 2 months
Liberal
56
18 John McEwen
PC  (later Sir John) 
2 Mar 1900 - 20 Nov 1980
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office
19 Dec 1967 - 10 Jan 1968
23 days
Country
66
0 Y

0 M

23 D
17 Harold Edward Holt
PC, CH
5 Aug 1908 - 19 Dec 1967
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office
26 Jan 1966 - 19 Dec 1967
1 year, 10 months, 23 days
Liberal
56
18 Y

0 M

0 D
* Robert Gordon Menzies
PC, KC (later Sir Robert, PC, KT, CH, QC) 
20 Dec 1894 - 15 May 1978
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office
19 Dec 1949 - 26 Jan 1966
16 years, 1 month, 8 days
Liberal
55
15 Francis Michael Forde
PC
18 July 1890 - 28 Jan 1983
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office
6th July - 13th July 1945
8 days
Australian Labor
54
3 Y

9 M

6 D
14 John Curtin
8 Jan 1885 - 5 July 1945
period in office
term of office
political party
age first in office
7 Oct 1941 - 5 July 1945
3 years, 8 months, 29 days
Australian Labor
56

* NOTE about numbering
Robert Menzies is listed as the 12th Prime Minister although he actually served as Prime Minister 2 different times. Likewise, Alfred Deakin is listed as the 2nd Prime Minister, but actually served as Prime Minister 3 different times. Andrew Fisher is listed as the 5th Prime Minister even though he also served 3 different times. As a result, Kevin Rudd is listed as the 26th Prime Minister although there were actually 30 different terms served since the office was created.

In contrast, under the American system, if Deakin had been the President, he would be listed as the 2nd, 5th and 7th President of the United States. (Yes, we know in the USA a person can only be the President twice.)

NOTES about the Nationalist Party
In 1931 the National Party joined with other groups and formed the United Australia Party.

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