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AUSTRALIAN FACTS AND FIGURES

Population

The 2011 population of Australia is estimated at approximately 21,766,711 people. Most of the population (83% in 1996) live within 50 km of the coast and concentrated mainly in the large coastal cities of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

In 2011 the overall population estimated growth comes from . . .

  • 12.33 births per 1,000 population
  • 6.88 deaths per 1,000 population
  • 6.03 migrant(s) per 1,000 population

See also Comparing Populations of Countries
(includes Australian population totals over the last 50 years)

Note: all population totals on this website are estimates gathered from a variety of sources. Because the different sources don't always agree, please use our figures as a guide and not as exact amounts.

Population By Age (estimate)

Age
Groups
2011
% of Total
2011
Females
2011
Males
  2006
Females
2006
Males
0 - 14 years 18.3% 1,937,544 2,040,848 1,923,828 2,026,975
15 - 64 years 67.7% 7,266,143 7,469,092 7,121,613 7,318,743
65 + years 14.0% 1,654,508 1,398,576 1,565,153 1,306,329

Top 40 cities by population (2006)

The capital cities are in bold.

1 Sydney NSW 4,293,105     21 Burnie-Devonport TAS 79,954  
2 Melbourne VIC 3,684,461     22 Mandurah WA 77,619  
3 Brisbane QLD 1,820,375     23 Latrobe Valley VIC 75,553  
4 Perth WA 1,507,949     24 Mackay QLD 73,091  
5 Adelaide SA 1,138,833     25 Rockhampton QLD 70,128  
6 Gold Coast-Tweed QLD / NSW 554,628     26 Bundaberg QLD 62,457  
7 Newcastle NSW 512,131     27 Bunbury WA 59,033  
8 Canberra ACT 328,441     28 Wagga Wagga NSW 54,191  
9 Wollongong NSW 276,155     29 Coffs Harbour NSW 50,368  
10 Sunshine Coast QLD 220,199     30 Hervey Bay QLD 50,293  
11 Hobart TAS 205,510     31 Mildura VIC 48,836  
12 Geelong VIC 167,781     32 Shepparton VIC 48,063  
13 Townsville QLD 153,631     33 Tamworth NSW 43,774  
14 Cairns QLD 127,856     34 Gladstone QLD 43,507  
15 Toowoomba QLD 121,612     35 Port Macquarie NSW 41,332  
16 Darwin NT 113,955     36 Orange NSW 37,982  
17 Launceston TAS 103,835     37 Dubbo NSW 35,972  
18 Albury-Wodonga NSW / VIC 101,273     38 Nowra-Bomaderry NSW 33,364  
19 Ballarat VIC 90,303     39 Bathurst NSW 32,398  
20 Bendigo VIC 85,978     40 Lismore NSW 31,626  

Number of people living in each state (in thousands)

  pop in capital 2004 1996 1991 1986 1981 1976
 NSW 63.0% 6,760.0 6,204.7 5,898.7 5,531.5 5,234.9 4,960.8
 VIC 71.0% 5,002.3 4,560.2 4,420.4 4,160.9 3,946.9 3,811.4
 QLD 46.0% 3,919.3 3,338.7 2,961.0 2,624.6 2,245.2 2,091.7
 SA 73.5% 1,537.9 1,474.3 1,446.6 1,382.6 1,318.8 1,274.6
 WA 73.4% 1,998.4 1,765.3 1,636.1 1,459.0 1,300.1 1,178.9
 TAS 41.0% 484.0 474.4 466.8 446.5 427.2 412.4
 ACT 99.6% 324.3 308.3 289.3 258.9 227.6 207.4
 NT 54.0% 200.8 181.8 165.5 154.4 122.6 98.3

Origin of immigrants to Australia

Although Australia had its beginnings as a British penal colony, it was gradually phased out by 1868.
The late 19th century saw hundreds of thousands of immigrants arrive from a variety of countries to make Australia their home.

Australia is a culturally diverse country. At the 1996 Census:

  • 3.9 million people had been born overseas
  • 3.8 million had one or both parents born overseas
  • 2.6 million people spoke a language other than English at home
  • 92 religious denominations
  • 282 major languages (includes 170 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander)
  2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000  
 United Kingdom 23,290 18,220 18,272 12,508 8,749 9,037 9,201
 New Zealand 19,033 17,345 14,418 12,368 15,663 25,165 21,889
 India 11,286 9,414 8,135 5,783 5,091 6,336 4,631
 Malaysia 2,967 3,936 3,718 2,686 1,939 2,222 1,771
 Philippines 4,871 4,239 4,111 3,190 2,837 3,123 3,186
 China* 10,581 11,095 8,784 6,664 6,708 8,762 6,809
 South Africa 3,953 4,594 5,849 4,603 5,714 5,754 5,691
 Sudan 3,783 5,654 4,591 2,775 ... ... ...
 Singapore 2,685 3,036 2,224 ... ... ... ...
 Viet Nam 2,661 ... ... ... ... ... ...
 Sri Lanka ... 3,212 ... ... 2,011 ... ...
 Indonesia ... ... 2,584 3,026 4,221 3,921 2,943
 Yugoslavia ... ... ... ... 2,082 2,343 2,356
 Taiwan ... ... ... ... ... 2,599 ...
 Fiji ... ... ... ... ... ... 1,856
 All other countries 46,483 44,579 38,904 37,492 33,885 38,104 31,939

* excluding Taiwan

  1993
 - 1997
1983
- 1987
1973
 - 1977
1963
- 1967
  1993
- 1997
1983
- 1987
1973
- 1977
1963  
- 1967  
 UK 53,200  88,900 156,200 339,500  Poland ... 8,100 ... ...
 NZ 53,600  53,000 20,200 ...  China 28,900  ... ... ...
 Viet Nam 21,000  40,100 ... ...  Greece ... ... 11,200 67,400  
 Philippines 17,200  22,300 ... ...  Lebanon ... ... 21,900 ...
 Hong Kong 19,500  ... ... ...  USA ... ... 10,900 ...
 S Africa ... 14,100 ... ...  Italy ... ... ... 61,300  
 Yugoslavia ... ... 18,100 33,600  Malta ... ... ... 19,400  
           Germany ... ... ... 17,700  

Updated August 2011. You may notice that we show information from a variety of dates. We are unable to find the same type of information for more recent dates than what we show here. Note: This information is for entertainment purposes. We assume no liability resulting from any errors or omissions. Translation . . . we've done our best to bring you accurate information. For official facts and figures, please visit any of the many Australian government websites available such as the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

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