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10 January -Albert Jacka, 1st Australia's Victoria Cross .

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10 January -Albert Jacka, 1st Australia's Victoria Cross .

Unread postby Max ADU » Thu Jan 10, 2013 2:19 pm

Australian Birthday Today - Albert Jacka VC, MC & Bar, born10 January 1893, Winchelsea, Victoria, – died 17 January 1932, Caulfield, Victoria, was First Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross.


    Albert Jacka was born on a dairy farm, the fourth of seven children

    Albert was working for the Victorian State Forests Department when the First World War broke out when he enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force on 18 September 1914, with the rank of Private.

    Jacka was the first Australian to be decorated with the VC during the First World War, receiving the medal for his actions during the Gallipoli Campaign. the highest decoration for gallantry"in the face of the enemy" that can be awarded to members of the British and Commonwealth armed forces.

    The full citation for the Victoria Cross appeared in a supplement to the London Gazette on 23 July 1915:
    War Office, 24th July, 1915
    His Majesty the KING has been graciously pleased to award the Victoria Cross to the undermentioned Officers and Non-commissioned Officers:-
    No. 465 Lance-Corporal Albert Jacka, 14th Battalion, Australian Imperial Forces.
    For most conspicuous bravery on the night of the 19th–20th May, 1915 at "Courtney's Post", Gallipoli Peninsula.

    Lance-Corporal Jacka, while holding a portion of our trench with four other men, was heavily attacked. When all except himself were killed or wounded, the trench was rushed and occupied by seven Turks. Lance-Corporal Jacka at once most gallantly attacked them single-handed, and killed the whole party, five by rifle fire and two with the bayonet.

    He later went on to served on the Western Front and was twice further decorated for his bravery, the Military Cross for his actions at Pozières and awarded a bar to his Military Cross

    Evacuated to England, he was promoted to Lieutenant on 18 August 1916, and falsely reported dead on 8 September.

    Promoted to Captain on 15 March 1917, he was appointed the 14th Battalion's intelligence officer
    On 8 July, Albert was wounded by a sniper near Ploegsteert Wood, resulting in nearly two months hospitalisation and in May 1918, Jacka was finally removed from the conflict when, outside the village of Villers-Bretonneux, he was badly gassed and a missile passed through his trachea.

    After the war, Jacka returned to Melbourne Australia to a hero’s welcome and later establishing a electrical goods importing and exporting business.becaming the mayor of the City of St Kilda.
    Jacka never fully recovered from the multiple wounds he sustained during his war service.

    On 14 December 1931, Jacka collapsed after a council meeting and was admitted to Caulfield Military Hospital.

    On 17 January 1932, one week after his 39th birthday, he died from chronic nephritis (kidney)

    With eight other Victoria Cross recipients acting as pallbearers it was estimated 6,000 witnesses viewed, as his body passed en route to St. Kilda Cemetery.
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